Xichong Coast Recovery Plan | Shenzhen, China | Hassell

Xichong is one of China’s most beautiful coasts, with sandy beaches and a biodiverse tropical landscape, only a short trip from Shenzhen. In 2018 Typhoon Mangkhut destroyed vast areas of this coastal landscape, along with many buildings. Out of that adversity came an opportunity – for a new beginning and a more sustainable future. New communi­ty-driven developments are located inland and away from environmentally sensitive areas, while sensitive tourism trails and activities are scattered throughout the variety of land­scapes. The plan includes a long-term resilience strategy to restore and mitigate disaster impacts, reinforcing Xichong’s dynamic self-recovery linking land, beach and sea.

The challenges currently faced in Xichong Beach can be summarised as follows:

– Over-intensive tourism

– Environmental degradation

– Annual destructive typhoons

– Disenfranchisement of the community, who depend on tourism for their livelihood

From these we developed four key design strategies:

Immerse In Nature

In Xichong, people can experience a pristine natural environment, the kind of which is gradually disappearing in big cities such as neighbouring Shenzhen. Coexisting with the forest, rivers, wetlands, beach and sea, people will learn how to respect nature and pro­tect the environment, which they depend on for survival. The proposal creates a series of habitat restoration zones which extend down from the mountains between the existing villages and down to the coast, to create an interconnected habitat system to improve and protect the biodiversity in the site.

Prepare Adapt and Retreat

Xichong faces an ongoing threat from monsoons, storm surges, rainstorms, saltwater intrusion and other natural phenomena – it’s the first line of defence against the typhoons that batter Shenzhen from the southeast. Xichong will need to implement resilient and sustainable development, while sensitively integrating opportunities for tourism experi­ences. We propose to incorporate anti-disaster systems and infrastructure into the expe­rience, for instance artificial protection reefs performing a dual function as a snorkelling opportunity, as we embrace natural challenges and transform them into opportunities.

Experience the Lifestyle

Consumers would rather spend money on these experiences then on material posses­sions. As a rare natural destination close to Shenzhen, Xichong needs to utilize its distinct ecological scenery and historic communities to create a memorable and unique experi­ence.

Nurtured by the Community

The local community will manage Xichong’s tourism experience and facilities to ensure they benefit from the industry directly. This model would be cyclical, with profits flowing to the community, who could reinvest into the ongoing management of the area as a world-class tourism destination. Activities show off local features and closely connect the visitors to the villages’ daily life and relaxed atmosphere. The nine existing villages will form a series of management co-operatives to manage the environment and tourism offerings in each area. 

Xichong Coast Recovery Plan

Landscape Architect – Hassell

Consultants – Mott Macdonald

Client – Dapeng New Area Committee of Shenzhen Planning and Natural Resources Bureau

Image Credits: Hassell  

About Damian Holmes 3233 Articles
Damian Holmes is the Founder and Editor of World Landscape Architecture (WLA). He is a registered landscape architect (AILA) working in international design practice in Australia. Damian founded WLA in 2007 to provide a website for landscape architects written by landscape architects. Connect on Linkedin at https://www.linkedin.com/in/damianholmes/