The Harmonized Juxtaposition between Industry and Nature

TK Studio released development plans for the new Nong Fab LNG Receiving Terminal terrain, located near Amphoe Mueang Rayong, Thailand. The expansive 29.7-hectare site includes 21.6 hectares of land to be used as a receiving terminal, for storage and for regasification processes, while an additional 8.1 hectares of land is designated as an office zone.

Validating the firm’s innovative and sustainable approach and to environmental design, the Nong Fab LNG Receiving Terminal project has been shortlisted by the World Architecture Festival, with winners in several categories to be announced in Amsterdam in December.

An industrial oasis
The client, PTT LNG Company Limited, is a subsidiary of PTT Public Company Limited, Thailand’s largest energy production company accounting for approximately 70% of the nation’s overall power supply. The new world-class receiving terminal and industrial plant was conceived in response to increased demand for energy consumption in Thailand, and the multifunctional office complex will include facilities to accommodate conferences and outdoor seminars.

Greenspace and environmental innovation characterize the site design plan. In addition to striking a delicate balance between functional, state-of-the-art architecture and a wide variety of ecosystems, the expansive site will predominantly run on renewable energy generated through wind and solar power. At the core of the 8.1-hectare office zone, a large glass dome will house a climatic atrium. The atrium will be highlighted by a large waterfall, providing a Zenful aesthetic while functionally contributing to water circulation throughout the site, as well as to the generation of moisture for cloud forest plant communities. A living green roof will harbour animal habitats and will provide an additional layer of insulation to the site’s functional architecture below.

Built to TREES standards (Thai’s Rating of Energy and Environmental Sustainability), the climatic atrium will seamlessly connect the site’s functional architecture to the surrounding external environment, which includes abundant landscaped grounds and forested areas. The external grounds will feature a large retention pond stocked with filtered runoff water collected from throughout the site. The retention pond will contribute to the sustainment of the site’s forested areas and surrounding ecosystems, while also contributing to increased carbon sequestration.

Ecological challenges
Attainment of equilibrium between topography, hydrology, vegetation and a project’s end users resides at the core of TK Studio’s landscape design philosophy, regardless of the scale of a given project. User requirements and site activities dictate design concept development, which includes elaborate research on environmental issues and collaborations with experts in a variety of fields. The receiving terminal project provides the firm with a unique opportunity to apply its landscape design principles to the harmonization of industrial development and nature, creating an environmental win-win situation that balances social interaction with ecosystem diversification, while also restoring neglected natural habitats.

“We have also introduced a zero-waste scheme within the design concept that will serve to reduce energy consumption and minimize generated waste,” explains Tawatchai Kobkaikit, Managing Director of TK Studio Co. Ltd. “Excess chilled water from regasification processes will also be repurposed to support a controlled atrium climate conducive to 23 species of temperate plant communities.”

The term “Nong Fab” is a Thai expression referring to swampy terrain featuring an abundance of a hardwood shrub known as “Fab”. The land acquired for the new terminal project was partially filled and levelled, leaving very little of the swamp area, and virtually no Fab. From the outset of the project, the TK Studio team focused on reversing that process, studying historical remote sensing data to find ways to optimize existing natural drainage, restore the damaged swamp, reintroduce Fab and implement a full-blown reforestation program. As a result, the project will reintroduce endangered indigenous vegetation amongst 200 native plant species, while nurturing forests and ecosystems optimally selected for their compatibility with the site’s environmental conditions and intended uses.

Images and Text | TK Studio

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Damian Holmes is the Founder and Editor of World Landscape Architecture (WLA). He is a registered landscape architect (AILA) working in international design practice in Australia. Damian founded WLA in 2007 to provide a website for landscape architects written by landscape architects. Connect on Linkedin at