STUDENT | Future Hopley: Hutano, Mvura, Miti | Leonardo Robleto Costante

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Cities in developing countries are predominantly informal. Communities self‐construct their dwellings and adapt them to the needs quicker and better than any formal housing program. However, informal settlements are incomplete and unsustainable forms of urbanization, frequently lacking basic services, such as water supply, sanitation, accessibility, education, health, and amenities. This is the case of Hopley Farms in the city of Harare, Zimbabwe. Hopley Farms is a community of over 25,000 inhabitants which began to occupy an area of south Harare in 2007 after informal residents of the central city were forcefully evicted by the Zimbabwean Government. With the fear, anger and feeling of profound loss, they forcefully re‐initiated life in this new location.
Continue reading STUDENT | Future Hopley: Hutano, Mvura, Miti | Leonardo Robleto Costante

China to reach 50% urban population by 2015

Recently Li Shouxin, director of the Development Planning Department stated that China’s urban population had reached 622 million by the end of 2009, with the urbanization rate standing at nearly 47 percent with the urban population growing by just under 1% annually over the last five years.

Zhang Qin, deputy director of the Urban-Rural Planning Department under the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development (MOHURD), said the rapid urbanization of China will continue for 15 to 20 years and China will become an urban society during the “12th Five-Year Plan” period (between 2011 and 2015 ).

The process will create a market of at least 1 trillion yuan ($146 billion) in the coming 20 years, according to a report by the Xinhua News Agency.

[SOURCES: People's Daily Online and Global Times]

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The new urban India

The Wall Street Journal has an interesting article – Re-Imagining a New Urban India (subscription) written by Jaydeep Mody and Divya Dwivedi. The article looks at how urbanisation and economic growth go hand in hand and require macro and integrate planning.

Jaydeep Mody writes

Urban centers have the advantage of economies of scale and scope in offering a range of services to the citizenry that are simply uneconomical to provide in the vast rural hinterland……

Divya Dwivedi wrote

The concept of urbanization in India has been mostly oriented towards major cities, leading to the evolution of ‘two Indias’ – the rich urban India and the poor rural India…..

Read more at the [SOURCE: Wall Street Journal - Re-Imagining a New Urban India] (subscription)

Urbanization is inevitable process: Varma

The Times of India reports

According to Varma, “Urbanization is an inevitable process, according to recent research 90 per cent of urban growth is taking place in the developing world. But the present urban planning is not in consolidation of the rapid urban growth taking place.”

Keshav Varma is now heading the global urban program of World Bank Institute (WBI).

Read more at the [SOURCE: The Times of IndiaUrbanization is inevitable process: Varma]

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