STUDENT PROJECT | The Third Reserve | Singapore | Joseph Rosenberg, Daniel Lau, Lindsay Rule

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Optimizing Singapore’s Land Use
Singapore has a long and successful history of land optimization and intensification since its independence over a half century ago. To adjust for economic and population growth, the city-state continues to perform reclamation to ensure its industrial and commercial sector will flourish. Since Singapore’s first masterplan in 1958, each land use has been articulated and appropriated for specific usage with the exception of one: the island’s interior reserves. When seeing Singapore as a whole, large green swaths of land within the Western and Central regions of the island are dominantly used for passive open spaces, military facilities and storage. They are delineated from the urban fabric by major freeways, accessible only at discrete locations. These reserves have not been optimized to the same degree as the island’s developed land and remain underutilized. But what if Singapore could create a new reserve optimized to the same degree of the rest of island? A Third Reserve could address the future challenges facing the island with population growth and food security.

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Creating Landscape Framework for Refugee Camps

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At the start of 2013, the UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR) reported concern for 10.4 million refugees, while the total figure of refugees, asylum seekers, and internally displaced persons surpassed 50 million in June of 2014. This is the largest number of refugees in the world since the UNHCR was founded in response to people displaced from WWII and will likely increase as competition over resources in a changing climate, ideological conflicts, and population growth force people out of their homes.

After 5 years of conflict (7 years is the average lifespan of refugee camps), the number of refugees fleeing Syria alone has surpassed 4 million. The UN High Commissioner for Refugees, António Guterres, reports: “This is the biggest refugee population from a single conflict in a generation. It is a population that needs the support of the world but is instead living in dire conditions and sinking deeper into poverty.”

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Wild sets the tone for the new LA+ journal

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LA+ is a new interdisciplinary journal from the University of Pennsylvania School of Design. LA+ takes a broader approach to landscape architecture looking at various issues facing the landscape architecture profession from a macro level.

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