KCAP Architects & Planners has won the international competition to design a masterplan for Keqiao Water City in Shaoxing, China. The 45 ha site, which is currently occupied by redundant textile industry and residences, will be redeveloped for residential use with community functions and sport and commercial facilities in a landscaped setting of waterland, parks and gardens. KCAP’s masterplan design has been chosen as winner out of 3 international entries.
Keqiao is the major development area of Zhejiang province, occupying a strategic location between Shaoxing, a city of 3 million inhabitants, and Hangzhou, close to Xaoshan airport and along the highway to larger local cities and further to Shanghai. With its unique landscape of lakes, canals and rocks it forms a setting of scenic beauty. The area will become a recreational centre and will give new development impulses for the entire region.
KCAP’s masterplan introduces a landscape framework formed by different conditions found on the site such as the two lakes with their waterfronts, the canal and road system, the green spaces and the bridges. Enriched with carefully designed elements like public squares, parks, roads and paths a continuous landscape fabric is established which ties the entire development together.
KCAP will elaborate the winning masterplan scheme throughout 2010 in close cooperation with Shaoxing developer Gemdale and the local authorities. The first projects are estimated to start construction in 2011. ‘Working on this project is a great opportunity for us. It is an important stepping stone for our growing portfolio in China,’ says Markus Appenzeller, director of international projects of KCAP.
[IMAGES SOURCE: KCAP]
[IMAGES CREDIT: Li Fang]
Cracknell Landscape Architects based in the UAE, UK and Oman have been appointed the landscape architects for SmartCity Malta - ‘a premier ICT and media park, showcasing Malta to the world as the region’s new destination for high-tech industries…..With the Government of Malta as a partner, local, regional and international companies can be assured of the country’s long-term commitment to knowledge-based opportunities.‘.
Cracknell’s scope of work extends from the strategic and master plan level through to the detailed design and construction. Key landscape elements of SmartCity Malta include the entry gate and Main Boulevard, urban ring road, coastal promenade, lagoon, and cascading terraces. The streetscape and lighting scheme will further set the ambiance and enhance the built environment.
Read more at the [SOURCE: Malta Independent Online - SmartCity Malta appoints landscape architects]
New York Times recently published When Parks Must Rely on Private Money by DIANE CARDWELL concerning the struggles of cities to fund the construction and maintenance of parks throughout the USA. Many parks are funded through selling of land or revenues generated by carparks or taxes from new nearby developments and others are funded by residents and companies donating funds in return for naming rights or plaques. Cardwell cites examples of parks that have been constructed with the use some private funding including Millennium Park in Chicago and the Highline and with the tradeoff causing issues in some cities.
The article stimulated a few ideas I have had during my career. I find that funding of new or redevelopment of parks is a often a fine line between private and public funding, which often blurs the line between public and private space. Private funding often causing issues with residents because of naming or commercial activities in the new park that create a private area.
An ever-growing trend for cities around the world is to justify the cost of construction and maintenance of parks through inclusion of private funding or commercial activities such as paid parking garages, retail shops, restaurants, or areas that are commercialised for entertainment(concerts, festivals, etc). How to strike a balance between private and public funding is very complicated process for each city and requires research and consultation.
Many cities find it hard to redevelop parks with the use of public money as it is often controversial as parks are sometimes seen by residents as non-essential. Residents see hospitals, schools, and police as essential services within the community whereas parks are seen as non-essential and that public monies would be better spent on other services. To avoid this cities seek private funding in return for naming rights or a commercial development on or near the park. Now the question is how far to go with private funding and how much is the park compromised by accepting the funding in return for naming right or commercial development?
This issue of public and private funding will become more and more prevalent around the world as developers of retail and residential developments blur the line between public and private space by creating spaces in developments that are town squares and parks that can be accessed by the public. This blurring will cause some confusion with city residents as to what is public space and what is private. It also raises the question – Are developers going to develop parks and maintain them or will it always remain the domain of the local government?
Private development of public parks as apart of residential developments or commercial developments, which are then handed to government after certain period is already occurring in some parts of the world. Will this become a growing trend across cities for small and large parks? Or will it remain only in residential developments?
By Damian Holmes
London Borough of Southwark announced that they have awarded the £1.5 billion (circa A$2.7 billion) regeneration of Elephant & Castle to Lend Lease.
The project is one of the most significant schemes of its type in Europe, comprising over 300,000 square metres of new build, mixed-use development, together with major infrastructure improvements and a range of enhanced community facilities. The location, within two miles of London’s West End, is unrivalled for a development of this scale.
The scheme comprises six phases. The first phase demolition is scheduled to commence in February 2010. Detailed planning consent for the first phase is expected to be achieved by April 2011. Both parties have expressed their commitment to work together on the redevelopment of all six phases of the site.
SOURCE: Lend Lease
IMAGE SOURCE: Elephant & Castle
Architects in Nevada are pleading for local and state governments to allocate capital improvement program(CIP) funds for design work that are needed to create and save jobs in the architecture and construction industry.
Nevada has been heavily hit by the Global Financial Crisis as it is highly dependent on revenues generated from conventions, gambling and nearby natural tourist attractions. Conventions and Tourism in the USA has been hit hard as people are save money by having vacations closer to home and companies are reducing convention spending across the board.
Decreased spending and planning for future private sector buildings has occurred due shifts in the market. Vacancies have increased at hotels and office buildings and there has been recent increase in available space coming on the market including MGM City Center which opens in December. These market shifts and reduced demand have caused wide-spread unemployment in the construction industry in Nevada up to 65% in some cities.
Architecture organisations including the AIA have meet congressional and state legislators to try and get some funds from the state capital improvement program moved forward to the coming fiscal year to fund design work for future buildings to stimulate the economy to get designers working which will then flow on to the construction industry.
The AIA argue that although the federal American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (Stimlus Package) has funded some ‘shovel-ready’ jobs the design & construction work. However, this work will evaporate soon and the state of Nevada needs to spend money now and in 2010 to create a sustainable future for the construction industry. The AIA hopes that the state can spend money on institutional retrofits for renewable energy and making buildings green as this will create more jobs long term than the stimulus money that is currently geared toward residential that create little economic growth.
What do you think?
Will this create a sustainable future for the design and construction industry or or is this merely a band-aid aid solution?
Have architectural practices and construction industry create a supply that Nevada will never demand again?
Do the architectural practices and architects of Nevada need to seek work outside of their state or relocate to survive?
Should the government seize the opportunity and great a green state with retrofitted green buildings with reduced emissions powered by renewable energy?
Read the article that inspired this post – ReviewJournal.com – Architects group seeks stimulus cash, arguing that drawing begets building
On the positive side MGM Center is expected to increase visitation to Las Vegas by 5-10% according to this article in the Wall Street Journal – City Center Could Make or Break Las Vegas