World Landscape Architecture - landscape architecture webzine Tue, 02 Sep 2014 03:24:24 +0000 en-US hourly 1 Bogey Hole Access | Newcastle Australia | Terras Landscape Architects Mon, 01 Sep 2014 22:55:33 +0000 ]]> Bogey-Hole-Swimmiing-Baths-2

The Land and Property Management Authority – NSW is responsible for the care and management of the unique Bogey Hole site. The site is listed on the State Heritage Register. The Bogey Hole was hand-hewn out of a wave cut rock platform by local convicts for Major James Morisset, in 1819.


Since 1863, a collection of changing sheds, site modifications and other facilities have come and gone including the concrete access steps. The pool was substantially enlarged in 1884 by the Council to its present size.

Over time the concrete access steps and erodible rock had deteriorated by heavy seas to the point where the lower section of the access steps had been completely washed away, the handrail was non compliant and rusting, the sea chains lost, rusted or removed. Recent unfortunate deaths highlighted the risk in such an exposed site. Around ten people have died around the Bogey Hole over the long history of use.

After considering closing the site to the public the Management Authority took the bold move to reinstate the access and undertake safety reports to allow the site to remain open providing that the access was strictly safety compliant and designed in a way acceptable to the Heritage Office. The design was to withstand the harsh sea wave conditions, provide good access for the public, reference and be sympathetic to the historical use of the site, be durable and minimise impact on area of the swimming bath.


Special Design Features.
The access steps have been cut out from the erodible rock face and are located in an extremely difficult area to access, construct and engineer. The site is extremely exposed to the sea and experiences very heavy wave impact in storm events. Extensive geotechnical testing was undertaken and each support post has been fixed with multiple 30mm stainless steel rock bolts up to 3.0m deep. Heavy sea waves pound the steps to a height of 3.0m above the landing.

The new step design floats above the existing steps to replicate the original alignment and allow retention of the existing eroded steps as a visible feature. The open nature of the new materials has been selected to allow the old steps to be seen and to maintain the sense of risk and exposure.

The stylised design of the mesh netting and support posts creates a unique design form that opens like a hand sweeping to the open sea as the swimmer walks down the steps. The mesh was selected to be unsuitable for climbing, jumping-off or allowing diving into the shallow pool from height, the cause of the recent swimmer death. The mesh also provides a rockfall safety barrier, the cause of previous injuries in the past.

The bottom platforms floats above the water randomly shaped like another open rock platform, soft curved edges align to the pool edge whilst providing a small area for swimmers to access the water, leave towels or site and enjoy the site. The steel stauntions and sea chain have been reinstated and the rubble and detriment removed form the pool floor. The material colours are low impact and blend with the adjoining rock colour.


Intended Use
Swimming, sight seeing and enjoyment. Whilst designed as safety compliant the public are free to access the site at any time at their own risk. During high seas this can be exciting or deadly with the experience limited only by the decisions of the user.

The design provides a practical solution to an extreme environment. The site is now accessible to the public to enjoy whilst retaining a personal determination to acceptable risk in rough seas. The design relates to the site form and replicates the historical alignment of the access steps. The original steel chain stanchions have been replaced around the pool to the original positions original and new installed to match where needed.

To enable the construction of new access steps required a significant cost commitment to engineering a structurally stable platform in expensive materials. The fabrication of a low cost solution would create an unacceptable ongoing management option and inherent risks.

3. QUALITY & SCALE: The structure uses high quality materials, is highly detailed and customised to the site. The steps are only 1.0m wide and designed to hug the cliff and minimise the length of the structure using minimum tread-riser ratios and impact on the pool and platform..



Construction Materials
316 Marine Grade Stainless Steel.
Heavy duty fibre reinforced plastic grating.[Oil rig platform].

Landscape Architect: Terras Landscape Architects – Steve Rushworth.
Heritage Architect: EJE Architecture – Barney Collins.
Engineer: Northrops – Mark Sturgess.

Client: Land + Property Management Authority – Andrew Ling.

]]> 0
This Week in Landscape | 31 August 2014 Sun, 31 Aug 2014 12:13:35 +0000 ]]>

Pounding the pavement will make these ISU students better landscape architects
It’s summertime and the learning is easy. But the work is hard for nine Iowa State University landscape architecture students who are finishing their internship project at the Iowa Correctional Institution for Women (ICIW) in Mitchellville. For them, pounding the pavement has taken on a whole new meaning.

What kids can teach architects about design | Maria Patsarika | Washington Post
“The architects we interviewed overwhelmingly thought that children brought fresh perspectives and uninhibited curiosity, leading them to explore alternative scenarios.”

Landscape Architects Back in Red Hot Demand | Andrew Heaton | sourceable
“In its most recent announcement, the Australian Institute of Landscape Architects says that compared with May and June, the number of advertised positions on its web site was up by 50 percent in July and August.”

Rethinking the lawn in an age of environmental crises | David Quick | Post & Courier
“Some are starting to say it’s not, for both practical and environmental reasons, and are converting a part or all of their lawns to a combination of gravel, “green” ground cover and food or flower gardens.”

Could Olmsted & Bartholomew’s 100-year-old parks plan finally happen in Los Angeles | Sam Lubell | ArchPaper
The idea started in 2005, when the Amigos de Los Rios laid out a 17-mile loop of parks and greenways (often underutilized spaces owned by public agencies) along the Río Hondo and San Gabriel Rivers on the east side of Los Angeles.

Lessons for the Shore | Sasaki Associates – Blog
Coastal communities along the eastern seaboard were not always in such danger. Early settlers built their towns along protected waterways rather than directly on ocean shores to insulate themselves from threats.

]]> 0
Fireworks Pergola | Ponte de Lima, Portugal | Anålogo architecture & landscape Sat, 30 Aug 2014 08:55:25 +0000 ]]> P5310091
Fireworks Pergola is one of 11 garden select for the 10th edition of the international garden festival of Ponte de Lima.The theme of the tenth edition of the festival was “the celebration” and the garden fireworks pergola aims to represent the most characteristic element of all celebrations: fireworks.


Upon entering the space of the garden, the visitor will have the feeling of walking into a firework of greenery. In addition to its formal concept of reference, the project is a new interpretation of the contemporary “Pergola”; The Pergola is a place to rest in intimacy and privacy on a hot summer day amidst the shade of vegetation.


The shape of the garden represents three fireworks in which each strand is the basis for the structure on which the plant elements grow. The structure is formed by metal arches on which small glass balls are inserted to create a colourful play of light and reflection.


Thanks to these colourful elements, even during seasons when vegetation is less dense, the project will have its own character that identifies with the initial idea. The iron structures are the guiding elements for the climbing plants that grow on and around it.

The types of plants chosen for the project are Parthenocissus quinquefolia, Parthenocissus tricuspidata and Rhynchospermum jasminoides.

The floor underneath the Pergola is gravel and it defines the exact radius of the fireworks. The surface outside the path is covered with grass, creating an instantly recognizable contrast between the interior and the exterior.


The aim is perceiving the theme from inside the structure due to the light of the glass balls and through the shape of the structure. From the outside, however, the blanket of grass and climbing plants hide the artifice of the garden.


The structure is simple, but its configuration and shape will be able to convey the feeling of magnificence and celebration emblematic of the 10th anniversary of the event.



Fireworks Pergola | Ponte de Lima, Portugal | Anålogo architecture & landscape
Location: Ponte de Lima, Portugal – 10th International Garden Festival Ponte de Lima
Design Conception: Anålogo architecture & landscape (Valeria Zamboni – Landscape Architect; Massimo Peota – Architect)
Production: Município de Ponte de Lima
Sponsors: Município de Ponte de Lima

]]> 0
Broadway Malyan team wins masterplan for new district in China Fri, 29 Aug 2014 00:55:09 +0000 ]]> Chengdu_02

Broadway Malyan has won an international competition to design the ‘Chengdu Creative Centre’ – the first phase of a new urban district in Chengdu, the capital of Sichuan province and a major city in Western China.


The new high-tech business park and mixed use Centre will form the high-profile gateway to the new district which will be named Tianfu New Town. Drawing inspiration from the local surroundings, the masterplan will create an integrated web of office, retail and green public spaces focused around a statement 110m central tower.

The development will set the tone for the future growth of Tianfu New Town and create a new benchmark for sustainable development in the region by halving current energy consumption standards.  Jeremy Salmon, Shanghai-based Main Board Director at Broadway Malyan, said: “This international competition win is testament to our growing reputation in China for delivering schemes that have a real sense of place and establish successful and sustainable centres in growing cities.


Broadway Malyan worked in partnership with Shanghai-based designers the East China Architectural Design & Research Institute (ECADI) and environmental engineers Cundall to beat five international teams in the competition, which was commissioned by the Chengdu Tiantou Real Estate Development Company Limited.


The team’s close partnership and clear design vision were key factors in the competition win and these are now set to benefit the delivery of the masterplan as the project moves forward.


China’s state council has designated Chengdu as the country’s western centre of logistics, commerce, finance, science and technology, as well as a hub of transportation and communication. It is also an important base for manufacturing and agriculture.


]]> 0
Mandaworks & Hosper win Masterplan design competition in Vaasa, Finland Thu, 28 Aug 2014 08:55:29 +0000 ]]> MW_Vaasa_Promenade-View
Mandaworks, in collaboration with Hosper Sweden, has recently been awarded first prize in the international architectural competition for a new mixed-use urban development on the former horse race track, Vaasan Raviradan. The jury unanimously appointed Mandaworks proposal, ”Inside – Outside,” as the contest winner out of the 63 submitted proposals.


Utilizing the site’s location on the southern edge of Vaasa’s city center, the proposal’s starting point is the extension of Carl Axel Setterberg 1860 city plan into the site. Through the extension of the grid, the new development links to the surrounding urban life and forms a robust framework for development. The grid is then further developed by establishing a hierarchy of public spaces, pedestrian diagonal connections, and an activated green structure.

This tissue of passages and places shape the area’s skeleton into a robust structure that generates a diversity of plot types. This variety invites a mix of building typologies and public spaces to be developed within the neighborhood. Larger plots along the main streets bring commerce and apartments, while the smaller, narrower plots support an array of housing typologies. The mix contributes to the socio-economic diversity and the plan’s flexibility helps Vaasa to grow and adapt in a coherent way.

Project Statement
Grown out of an ambition to create a modern town, Carl Axel Setterberg’s 1860’s plan utilized a simple grid to achieve connectivity, hierarchy & diversity. The power of Setterberg’s grid has eroded as the city has expanded. Today, modern infrastructure and large complexes have cutoff the city center’s grid from the surrounding neighborhoods. Our proposal Inside-Outside looks
to build from Setterberg’s grid to create a contemporary framework that connects the site to its context, sponsors diversity within the block, and takes on the 21st century’s challenge for holistic sustainability.



Our proposal is connected to the southern edge of the city center by extending the city’s historic grid into the site. The grid’s dimensions are formed from Setterberg’s plan, then adapted to fit the local context and maximize connectivity. The smart grid adapts to connect to the city center via Klemetinkatu, the waterfront via existing bicycle connections, and the green spine to the east of the site via the strengthening of the existing forest. The extended street network is developed around a street hierarchy that organizes public transport and car traffic to prioritize safe pedestrian movement. The main street, Klemetinkatu, links the neighborhood to the city center and is a place where pedestrians, commerce, and vehicles mix to create a vibrant street life. Rantamanntie is modified to integrate parking for the sporting events and create a qualitative environment for a mix of functions. And, local streets are defined by their green character while the alleyways organize parking access and services.


Diagonal bicycle and pedestrian paths cut through the blocks to provide shortcuts that connect the site to the existing recreational paths. The proposed bicycle network takes advantage of the 3 existing underpasses to link the site to the water, to connect to the adjacent sport facilities, and to bind together the site’s key public spaces.


Collectively, the urban structure creates a series of urban block’s that create a unique town character and allow for flexibility and diversity to emerge. Using the grid framework & diagonal cuts, a variety of plot sizes bring possibilities for architectural diversity and for a range of actors to take part in the development process. Bigger plots along the main streets allow for commerce and apartments, while smaller, narrow plots allow for a variety of housing typologies & a socio-economic diversity to emerge. The strong structure of the grid also brings possibilities to extend the grid into the context as future scenarios emerge and the city center grows south. In the long term perspective, the grid would emerge as a strong building block for potential transformations of the surrounding sport complexes and valtatie 3 (the highway). In these future scenarios the grid would form an extendable structure, a connective urban tissue, and a flexible platform for development.


Mandaworks & Hosper win Masterplan design competition in Vaasa, Finland

Client | Vaasa Municipality and Finnish Association of Architects

Size | 17 Hectares (42 Acres)

Augusti – December 2013, publication August 27, 2014

Collaborators |
Hosper Sweden

Team |
Martin Arfalk, Patrick Verhoeven, Nicholas Bigelow, Andrei Deacu,
Carlos Dias, Maria Gregorio, Monika Liočaitė, Chuhan Zhang

Images & Text | Mandaworks + Hosper Sweden

]]> 0
Epicurious Garden | Brisbane’s new edible garden Wed, 27 Aug 2014 22:55:15 +0000 ]]> EPicurious

Epicurious Garden is an edible garden designed to educate and inspire Brisbane’s Southbank visitors. The garden is a design collaboration between Brisbane City Council and JFP Landscape Architects along with Jerry Coleby-Williams assisting with the planting design. The Epicurious Garden is all about discovery – explore the garden’s exquisite plant life and see what fresh produce looks, feels and smells like; gardener volunteers will educate the public about inner-city gardening and providing recipe suggestions for the produce on display. 


Brisbane’s Lord Mayor Graham Quirk recently launched the Epicurious Garden inviting visitors to learn about growing and cooking their own produce.  Quirk said the ornamental and productive garden in the heart of the South Bank Parklands was designed to educate and inspire the home gardener. Also stating that “This unique space will be maintained by a team of dedicated staff and 14 volunteer gardeners who have been recruited by Council to maintain it to a high horticultural standard.”


The Epicurious Garden is 1500m2 and is made up of 30 beds and some pots. It has interpretive signage along with links to recipes. The opening of the Epicurious Garden coincided with Parks Alive which took place across Roma Street Parkland, South Bank Parklands, City Botanic Gardens and Brisbane Botanic Gardens (Mt Coot-tha) on 23-24 August.

Images | Courtesy of Brisbane Marketing Board.


]]> 0
“Water Wuz Here” | Toronto, Canada | Lynnette Postuma Wed, 27 Aug 2014 13:58:36 +0000 ]]> WLA14-Water-Wuz-Here-Lynnette-Postuma-Image-8
“Water Wuz Here” was a process-based installation that visualized the momentary presence of water in the urban landscape. The exhibit was featured in an art show entitled “Grow Op: Exploring landscape and place” at The Gladstone Hotel in late April 2014.


Each morning of the four-day exhibition, the concrete sidewalk of an outdoor plaza adjacent to the hotel was sprayed with water and left to dry. As the moisture evaporated, hand-drawn chalk outlines traced the edges between wet and dry until the entire surface was covered in a myriad of fine lines. The lines were drawn at gradual intervals, usually minutes apart, and their configuration was dependant on a number of varying factors such as temperature, wind, sunlight, topography, humidity and other physical objects. These contours of moisture were intended to reveal and memorialize the process of evaporation and allow the viewer to consider this perpetual but nearly imperceptible process.



Part art and part experiment, the results varied greatly from day to day. Warm and sunny, the process of evaporation occurred rapidly on the first and fourth days, and the chalk lines were long and fluid. The second day was overcast and windy, and the line segments were shorter, more erratic and occurred quickly. Following an evening rainstorm, the third day was humid and it took two hours to complete an area that had taken only 20 minutes the previous day! An area of approximately 20 square metres was drawn upon each day, in segments adjacent to each other. Blackboard chalk was selected for its precision and durability and the colors were changed gradually to indicate a measurement of time. Accompanying the outdoor “performances” was a display inside the art gallery, featuring a 3 metre long illustration of the chalk lines on paper as well as a continuously looping slideshow showing a sample of the chalk progression in detail.


With over 900 visitors to the exhibition, many people had similar reactions to the installation. Most thought the display depicted changes in grade on the sidewalk, or similarly, that this process would be a good way to teach kids about contour mapping. Interestingly, topography was one of the least influential factors to affect evaporation in this situation – likely because of the relatively low volume of water dispensed. The reaction of people passing by the outdoor display was directly dependant on the weather; on sunny days, people stopped to chat about the demonstration and on cloudy days the attention was minimal.

“Grow Op: Exploring Landscape and Place” provided a rare opportunity to explore process as well as product. As the Gladstone Hotel’s annual alternative landscape and urban design event, the exhibit explored themes of water, memory, natural process, public space and everyday materiality through video, sound, performance and participatory experiences. This installation focused on subtle hydrological processes at work within an environment that is continually pressured by increased storm intensities, decreased permeability and related stormwater management issues. Like a graffiti tag or scrawl etched into concrete, “Water Wuz Here” was a slow motion and visual revelation of water’s presence within the urban landscape.

“Water Wuz Here” | Toronto, Canada | Lynnette Postuma
Images and text by Lynnette Postuma, OALA CSLA

]]> 0
The Delta District | Vinge, Denmark | SLA Wed, 27 Aug 2014 08:05:08 +0000 ]]> image-1

The Delta District in the future city Vinge is an example of how landscaping can create dual functions:  promote better communities and prevent flooding. A man-made delta and creeks handle rainwater and provide the city district with unique qualities for residents to gather around.

The Delta District in Vinge is a former agricultural site and now is to become the very first green residential development area of the new city Vinge in Denmark. The Delta District will mark the starting point of a new type of urban community with 462 houses all built according to the spatial qualities of the landscape. Here, the landscape determines urban development to achieve a community where landscape, nature and sustainability goes hand in hand with a vibrant urban environment.

SLA named the district The Delta District to signify the defining element of the future district: the man-made delta which the studio decided to add as the focal point of the city. This delta serves the practical purpose in a rainwater management system unique to this city, and in addition has both an ecological function for e.g. amphibians and birds, and a recreative and social function for citizens and visitors.


When faced with the challenge of designing a brand new urban space we identified two features that required particular focus;

Firstly, the needed to enable the district to manage varying amounts of rainwater. The specific conditions in Vinge forced us to considder alternative ways of dealing with water drainage as the soil here is very clayey, and, hence, doesn’t allow water to penetrate the ground.  We really had to be quite innovative here..

Secondly, the opportunity to create a very green, recreative, diverse and social community was one we were very excited about.

We decided that focusing on and embracing the water could help us achieve both goals, while additionally providing the city with a unique identity. Water is simultaniously a source of life, inspiration, recreation and fascination. Embracing it rather than fighting it seemed an obvious choice given the values and goals we worked with and towards. Hence, we decided to develop the city on the water’s terms” – design team



SLA designed a green development plan with a departure in landscaping. Firstly, a man-made delta is to be introduced and, secondly, a network of trenches and bassins that branch out across the whole district to function as water reservoirs and lead rainwater to the delta from all around the district.

The creeks and trenches will divide the area into irregular parts, creating an area where creeks and waterbassins are integrated into the whole district as a defining feature saturating the entire district with nature and grouping the area into intelligibly differentiated parts to supply a variety of spatial qualities.


The development of the urban space is to be inspired and conditioned by these qualities posing the opportunity to introduce many different modes of residency from small single family houses and cluster houses to  apartments and larger villas. This facilitates the meeting of many different demands and economies, ensuring a diverse range of residents to bring life and atmosphere to the area.

Via the man-made creeks, rainwater is lead to the delta, and is visible all the way to the delta. No water ends up in sewers, and, thus, it can here be observed and interacted with by people at all stages.


During a dry period, the only water there, will be the water in the delta, and creeks and bassins will be dry and work as elevations in the landscape and as green trenches. Rainwater, on the other hand, transforms the whole area and becomes an attraction. Green trenches become blue, bassins are filled to the rim and the visible water trickles and purls causing wondering moments and an air of relaxation and harmony. The water creates habitats for amphibia and birds, and children in wellies jump playfully around in the water and across the trenches.

Nature is brought close to all residents, so that everyone has a view to it and are, by that view, encouraged to stay in the outdoors along with their neighbours.


The Delta District in Vinge provides a starting point for new city that is situated in the landscape, surrounded by nature and conditioned by the variety of this nature. The district showcases and utilizes unique and innovative methods to embrace nature’s ability to meet contemporary and future climate challenges as well as promoting well-being, diversity and social meetings. Landscaping in this case unites nature and urbanity in an optimal complementary relationship that utilizes nature as a facilitator of urbanity rather than taming it for merely decorative purposes.

 The Delta District | Vinge, Denmark | SLA

Man-made acclimatisation in Denmark

Project name | The Delta District

Location | Vinge, Frederikssund

Design firm | SLA

Consultants | Rambøll A/S

Images and text credit |  SLA design team and Rambøll A/S




]]> 0
Edge Effect | Quebec, Canada | SNØHETTA Tue, 26 Aug 2014 11:58:59 +0000 ]]> 201215_NY_N8
Within the narrow threshold between boreal forest and field exists an environmental condition that enables a particular set of species to colonize, thriving on the effect of two contrasting environments side by side. Edge Effect places a circle of steel between forest and field to create a series of variable experiences related to being on the edge.


Our garden is designed to heighten the notion that simultaneous access to more than one habitat creates richness. Passing through this garden, one will experience several conditions: the transition of the ground between forest floor and un-mown field, the physical threshold between horizontal and vertical ecotones, and the moment where the edge becomes the center.

Two environments are stitched together by two simple systems – a curved steel channel structure and a network of nylon ropes. Designed to accommodate plants, animals and humans, the steel structure is  self-supporting and a blanket of woven rope flares out from the structure. The ropes are stretched with varying tautness, transitioning from a horizontal plane (hammock) in the field to a vertical one (climbing net) in the forest.



Edge Effect | Quebec, Canada | SNØHETTA

International Garden Festival
Jardins de Métis, Quebec, Canada
Completed 2014

]]> 0
karres en brands designs new entrance for Bio Science Park Mon, 25 Aug 2014 05:01:19 +0000 ]]> Karres-en-Brands---Bio-Science-Park-04

The Municipality of Leiden is improving accessibility of the city in general and of the Bio Science Park in particular. In order to fully utilize the development potential of the Bio Science Park a new access road should be realized from the Plesman Avenue which also improves the traffic flow of the Plesman Avenue itself.


The ambition is to transform the Plesman Avenue into coherent Park Avenue with rows of trees, green verges and accompanying water features. The new Park Avenue runs from the A44 highway to the city center of Leiden. Through consistent placement of trees, making a green median and verges and exposed roadways a clear and coherent profile will be created.


The Urban Park Avenue will become an attractive and representative route from the A44 highway to the center of the city. It is the facade of the new Bio Science Park buildings and existing residential and commercial areas. The Plesman Avenue will become a recognizable and appealing entrance of Leiden city. Tree placement along the Plesman Avenue and Hague Schouw Road consists of a rhythm of alternating rows of trees along the roadways which will be applied on the total Plesman Avenue.



The design of the overpasses are an integral part of the plan. The green median of Plesman Avenue continues into the tunnel. The atmosphere and look of the Park Avenue is not limited to the ground level only but also into the tunnel. This creates a broad underpass which keep maintains a view on the adjacent trees as free as possible. The span of the bridge deck is free of columns which results into a spacious, light and high quality underpass. The walls of the tunnel are placed at a slight angle visibility of the surroundings is increased and as much daylight as possible is allowed.



Bio Science Park Entrance | Leiden, the Netherlands | karres en brands

Assignment design of new entrance Bio Science
Program overpass, widening of a ring road section, two underpasses for pedestrians and cyclists
Area 13 hectares
Design 2013 – 2014
Construction 2014 – 2016
Client Municipality of Leiden
Budget € 25 Mio
Team Sylvia Karres, Bart Brands, Jeroen van Kesteren, Darius Reznek, Joost de Natris
In collaboration with Heijmans Integrale Projecten, ipv Delft, DTV consultants

]]> 0