Coastal Resilience Solutions for East Boston and Charles-town | STOSS Landscape Urbanism

East Boston Existing Flood Risks – Credits: Stoss Landscape Urbanism Blue Areas are currently at risk for 21”-36” of Sea Level Rise (SLR)

Coastal Resilience Solutions for East Boston and Charles-town outlines near- and long-term strategies to protect neighborhoods from flooding – in two of Boston’s most disadvantaged areas. It is the first neighborhood-specific application of the Climate Ready Boston framework, the City of Boston’s ongoing initiative to adapt to climate change.

Central Park Waterfront – Credits: Stoss Landscape Urbanism The expanded Central Park creates new recreational and ecological opportunity, while creating resiliency infrastructure on Boston’s waterfront
Central Park Waterfront Storm – Credits: Stoss Landscape Urbanism In a storm condition the park is allowed to flood, acting as protection for homes and businesses inland

The Climate Resilience Solutions project is a direct response to recommendations in the Climate Ready Boston report (2016) that the City ‘prioritize and study the feasibility of district-scale flood protection’ and ‘develop local climate resilience plans in vulnerable areas to support district-scale climate adaptation’. The City of Boston chose to address these areas first because they are currently at risk from the 1% annual chance coastal flooding and have high concentrations of vulnerable residents and critical infrastructure.

East Boston District Protection – Credits: Stoss Landscape Urbanism The vision combines existing and proposed green infrastructure to create a protected district of greenways and waterfronts.
East Boston Flood Pathways – Credit: Stoss Landscape Urbanism Entry points along Marginal Street allow inland flooding, making this area a focus of study & early action

The design team, in coordination with partners at all levels of government, community members and the private sector, developed a resiliency strategy that included a set of evaluation criteria, recommendations for near-term and long-term actions, order-of-magnitude costs and an implementation roadmap to guide the City as it begins to move from planning, into implementation phases.

Ownership Analysis – Credit: Stoss Landscape Urbanism Current projects and existing ownership informed the project team of potential implementation partners, both public and private
East Boston Critical Connections – Credits: Stoss Landscape Urbanism Top priority was to maintain a resilient edge, while establishing critical connections and open space infrastructure
East Boston Implementation Strategy – Credits: Stoss Landscape Urbanism A layered strategy of open space, existing developments, and temporary barriers create an active, waterfront to protect Boston from flooding

The resiliency strategy embraces layered flood control and integrated green infrastructure measures that mitigate the effect of climate change, and create social, environmental, and economic benefits and value to the people of East Boston and Charlestown and to all who share in the health of the city and the harbor. These measures include waterfront open spaces with strategic elevated areas at key points of entry for coastal flooding such as the Greenway in East Boston and at Schrafft’s Center in Charlestown. Additional measures include enhanced Harborwalks, improved connections to the waterfront, natural wetland buffers and ‘living shorelines,’ stepped hardscapes, temporary flood barriers, and increased planting of shade trees to combat higher temperatures. Together, these measures will provide flood protection, waterfront access, recreation, and mobility, and dramatically increase waterfront open space and public access to one of Boston’s greatest natural resources.

Charlestown Flood Pathways – Credits: Stoss Landscape Urbanism Flooding risks threaten areas of Main Street and extend deep into the borders of Sommerville and Cambridge

Charlestown Vision – Credits Stoss Landscape Urbanism Waterfront parks and living shorelines protect Charlestown, Sullivan Square areas, Sommerville and Cambridge, against predicted 2070 water levels.
Schrafft’s Center Waterfront – Credits: Stoss Landscape Urbanism A re-invigorated Ryan Playground, waterfront parks and living shorelines create new recreational and ecological opportunity for Charlestown
Schrafft’s Center Waterfront Storm – Stoss Landscape Urbanism In a storm condition, the parks and shorelines are allowed to flood as protection for inland buildings and infrastructure

Together the measures outlined will provide flood protection, waterfront access, recreation, mobility and protect over 11,000 residents, at least 300 businesses, as well as critical highway and transit infrastructure.

Overall Project Credits

PROJECT TEAM (City of Boston)
Austin Blackmon, Chief of Environment, Energy and Open Space
Carl Spector, Commissioner of Environment
Alison Brizius, Director of Climate and Environmental Planning, Environment Department
Mia G. Mansfield, Climate Ready Boston Program Manager, Environment Department
Richard McGuinness, Deputy Director for Climate Change and Environmental Planning, BPDA
Chris Busch, Senior Waterfront Planner, BPDA
Lisa Berry Engler, Boston Harbor Regional Coordinator, MA Office of Coastal Zone Management
Bud Ris, Senior Advisor, Barr Foundation

CONSULTANT TEAM
Stoss Landscape Urbanism
Amy Whitesides, Project Co-Manager, Design and Engagement Lead
Chris Reed, Design Director and Principal Landscape Architect
Alex Marchinski, Landscape Designer
Difei Ma, Landscape Designer

Kleinfelder
Nasser Brahim, Project Manager and Technical Lead
Andre Martecchini, Principal Engineer
Robin Seidel, Designer

ONE Architecture
Matthijs Bouw, Principal Urban Designer and Architect
Travis Bunt, Senior Urban Planner
Dalia Munenzon, Urban Designer
Mat Staudt, Urban Designer

Woods Hole Group
Kirk Bosma, Senior Coastal Engineer and Flood Risk Modeler

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS 

STEERING COMMITTEE
Boston Environment Department, Boston Planning and Development Agency, Boston Parks and Recreation Department, Boston Public Works Department, Boston Transportation Department, Imagine Boston 2030, Mayor’s Office of Neighborhood Services, Mayor’s Office of Resilience and Racial Equity, Boston Water and Sewer Commission, MA Office of Coastal Zone Management, Massachusetts Department of Transportation, Massachusetts Port Authority, Massachusetts Bay Transit Authority, City of Cambridge, City of Somerville, Green Ribbon Commission, UMass Boston School of the Environment, Neighborhood of Affordable Housing;

STAKEHOLDER ENGAGEMENT COMMITTEES 
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Neighborhood of Affordable Housing, Green Ribbon Commission, Boston Harbor NOW, Harborkeepers, The John Flatley Company, East Boston Harborwalk Group, Greenway Council, Friends of the Charlestown Navy Yard, 
 Harbor View Neighborhood Association, Eagle Hill Neighborhood Association, Orient Heights Neighborhood Association, Jeffries Point Neighborhood Association

Images – As credited

Coastal Resilience Solutions for East Boston and Charles-town won a 2018 WLA Awards – Award of Excellence in the Conceptual Design category